Attachment theory emphasizes the importance of a secure and trusting mother-infant bond on development and well-being. Attachment is described as a long lasting psychological connection with a meaningful person that causes pleasure while interacting and soothes in times of stress.
The quality of Bowlby attachment theory styles has a critical effect on development, and has been linked to various aspects of positive functioning, such as psychological well-being . Bowlby began his journey to attachment theory through research he conducted on child delinquents and hospitalized children.
Bowlby believed that children have an innate need to develop a close relationship with one main figure, usually the mother. When this does not occur, it has negative consequences on development, causing a decline in intelligence, depression, aggression, delinquency, and affectionless psychopathy a situation in which one is not concerned about the feelings of others .
Following the above conclusions regarding maternal deprivation, sought to develop a theory which would support and explain his results. He felt that existing theories on attachment from psychoanalytic and behavioral fields were detached from reality and not up to date, thus he began reading into and corresponding with current researchers in the fields of biology and ethology.
These results stand in contrast to classic approaches to attachment which believed that the goal of attachment was the fulfillment of needs, particularly feeding.
Newborn infants know to act in such a way that attracts adults, such as crying, smiling, cooing, Bowlby attachment theory styles making eye contact. Although not attached to their mothers yet, they are soothed by the presence of others.
Attachment in making 6 weeks- 6 to 8 months: Infants begins to develop a sense of trust in their mothers, in that they can depend on her in times of need. They are soothed more quickly by their mother, and smile more often next to her. Clear cut attachment 6 to 8 months- 18 months to 2 years: The infant prefers his mother over anyone else, and experiences separation anxiety when she leaves.
As language develops, separation anxiety declines. The infant can now understand when his mother is leaving and when she will be coming back.
In addition, a sense of security has developed, in that even when his mother is not physically there, he knows she is always there for him. Bowlby called this sense of security an internal working model. These results served as the basis for the formulation of attachment styles. Secure attachment — Children who have developed secure attachment feel secure and happy, and are eager to explore their surroundings. They know they could trust their mother to be there for them.
Anxious avoidant insecure attachment: Children who have developed an anxious avoidant insecure attachment do not trust their mother to fulfill their needs. They are not explorative, and are emotionally distant. Anxious resistant insecure ambivalent attachment — Children who have developed anxious resistant insecure attachment a mixture of anger and helplessness towards their mother.
They acts passively, and feel insecure. Experience has taught them that they cannot rely on their mother. At times she is responsive and at times neglects her child. These children could act depressed, angry, passive, or apathetical. Their mothers could act in varying extremes, such as swaying between passivity and aggression or being scared and actually being Bowlby attachment theory styles.
Please cite this article as: Attachment theory is a psychological model attempting to describe the dynamics of long-term It is considered to be the best attachment style. Bowlby argued that with attachment theory he had made good the "deficiencies of the data and. The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby ( According to her research, at least three types of children exist: those who are.
Attachment theory is centered on the emotional bonds between people and suggests that our earliest attachments can leave a lasting mark on.
MORE: Advanced style book